BACKGROUND: Therapeutic response to pharmacological therapy in humans shows large intrapatient and interpatient variability both in treatment efficacy and adverse drug reactions (ADR). Part of this variability can be explained by genetic polymorphisms in genes encoding TAC metabolism related proteins. The aim of this study is to evaluate the contribution of genetic variation in the CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP3A7, POR, NR1I2 and ABCB1 genes to this variability in order to achieve a better understanding of TAC pharmacokinetics and a more personalized approach for TAC dosing in a cohort of pediatric patients with stable serum concentrations after renal transplantation.
METHODS AND DESIGN: This is a unicenter retrospective cross-sectional study. The protocol was approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the La Paz University Hospital (Madrid, Spain) and will be carried in this same hospital. 50 pediatric patients with stable serum concentrations after renal transplantation are expected to be included. Peripheral blood samples will be collected for molecular analysis (pharmacogenetics studies) and AUC estimation (C0, C1 and C3 hours after TAC administration).
DISCUSSION: To date there are not dosing algorithms that can explain accurately TAC metabolism. The incorporation of a complete pharmacogenetic (PhGx) profile into these algorithms may help in the individualization and optimization of TAC treatment in pediatric renal transplant patients.STUDY REGISTRATION: FC/HULP_002/2014